On Monday, the three heads of state and government said they were concerned about the risk of a further deterioration of the humanitarian situation in and around Idlib and agreed to take ”concrete steps” to end violations of previously negotiated agreements between the three countries. ANKARA (Reuters) – Turkish, Russian and Iranian leaders meeting in Ankara on Monday agreed to ease tensions in the Idlib region of northwestern Syria, but differences between countries appeared to exist, including over the threat of Islamic State. In 2018, Russia was preparing for an offensive in northwestern Syria. However, a demilitarization agreement has been reached, with Turkey fearing a new influx of refugees. It collapsed in April 2019, when Russia accused Turkey of not governing Hayat Tahrir al-Sham fighters.  We have ties to both sides of the conflict and we believe it is necessary to respect the agreements. We support the active action of the United Nations. Unfortunately, the UN Special Envoy, Mr Salamé, has retired and we believe it would be better to appoint as soon as possible a new member of the region who is fairly familiar with regional realities. I will not comment on Turkey`s policy in Libya.
Perhaps it is pursuing its national interests. Even among the countries of the European Union, there is no unity. But Jeffrey said that if an agreement on the commission could be reached, the next logical step would be to reach a national ceasefire overseen by the United Nations. The Geneva agreement was signed by Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlàt Afeolu, his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov and Iran`s Javad Zarif, and highlights how the West has lost control of the Syrian crisis to the trio of countries of the so-called Astana group. With regard to Idlib, we continue to work closely with our Turkish friends to implement the Sochi Memorandum of 17 September 2018 and the Additional Protocol of 5 March 2020. Clearly, not all problems have been resolved yet, but the efforts are working. For example, the situation in the de-escalation zone has stabilized considerably since the ceasefire was de-established. The United Arab Emirates and Russia supported the Haftar camp in Libya against the Turkish-backed GNA government.  The United Arab Emirates has also funded Kurdish forces, including many separatist groups, against Turkey.
 When the peace agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates was signed in 2020 in Washington D.C, Russia implicitly supported Israel and the United Arab Emirates` attempt to normalize bilateral relations, while Turkey threatened to sever relations with Israel and the United Arab Emirates.  This situation was aggravated during the Karabakh conflict in September 2020, when the United Arab Emirates tacitly supported Armenia against Turkey and Azerbaijan.  Previously, the United Arab Emirates had announced that it was beginning to recognize the Armenian genocide.  The Emirate of Abu Dhabi was the first emirate to recognize the genocide in April 2019.  Russia initially promised to establish a constitutional commission for Syria at a meeting in January in the city of Sochi, but differences of opinion over the composition of the commission and fighting in Syria slowed progress.