[viii] See z.B. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Svcs., Office of Inspector General, A Roadmap for Physicians: Avoiding Medicare and Medicaid Fraud and Abuse at 22 on oig.hhs.gov/compliance/physician-education/roadmap_web_version.pdf (stand: 17 November 2020); See also U.S. Dept. press release, Targeting of the Pharmaceutical Company Elderly Victims Admits to Paying Kickbacks, Resolves Related False Claims Act Violations (26 September 2019) is available under www.justice.gov/opa/pr/pharmaceutical-company-targeting-elderly-victims-admits paying-kickbacks-resolves-resolves-related:text-Avanir%20has%20aucher%20agreed%20to,which%20is%20not%20an%20approved; See also U.S. Attorney`s Office, S.D.N.Y., Manhattan U.S. Attorney announces 54 Million Settlement Against Salix Pharmaceuticals for Using ”Speaker Programs” as Mechanism to Pay Illegal Kickbacks to Doctors to Induce Them to Prescribe Salix Products (9. On www.justice.gov/usao-sdny/pr/manhattan-us-attorney-announces-54-million-settlement-against-salix-pharmaceuticals summary of the relevant policy recommendations of the American Association of Medical Colleges (adopted by the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada) on participation in spokesperson offices for University Medical Centres Participants: Lynette Reid and Matthew Herder developed the project together and contributed to the research and analysis of the literature, the creation and revision of the manuscript. Lynette Reid analyzed changes to the Canadian Medical Association`s code of ethics over time, reviewed recent policy changes in university medicine, and reviewed continuing medical education mechanisms. Matthew Herder collected data on the involvement of Canadian cardiologists in the offices of spokespersons, established Figure 1 and reviewed legal and regulatory precedents regarding the commercial discourse of physicians.

Both authors analyzed the spokespersons` office contract described in the article and reviewed the other`s analyses. Lynette Reid wrote the first draft of the manuscript and is the guarantee of the work.